Photorefractive Crystals SBN, BSO, BGO, Fe:LNB
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Strontium-Barium NiobateStrontium-Barium Niobate
The photorefractive effect is a phenomenon whereby the local index of refraction is modified by spatial variations of the light intensity. It is strongly observed when coherent rays interfere with each other in a photorefractive material which forms a spatially varying pattern of illumination. As a result, charge carriers are produced in the material which migrate owing to drift or diffusion and space charge separation effects. The resulting electric field that is produced, induces a refractive index change via the electro-optic effect. Some of the applications are spatial light modulators, 4 wave mixing, phase conjugation, optical memory and computing.

Sillenite single crystals Bi12SiO20 (BSO) and Bi12GeO20 (BGO) show unique combination of different physical properties. BSO and BGO crystals are very efficient photoconductors with low dark conductivity that allow a build-up of large photo-induced space-charges. Also strong spectral dependence of the photoconductivity and their electrooptic properties allow to develop and produce a wide range of optical devices and systems. BSO and BGO crystals are used in spatial light modulators, dynamic real-time hologram recording devices, phase conjugation wave mixing, optical correlators, and optical laser systems for adaptive correction of ultrashort light pulses. Photo-induced absorption make it possible to develop and produce ô light-lightö type of optical devices such as optical modulators, switches etc.  The fabrication Sillenite Oxide thin-film crystal structures by different technique permits the development of a long list of devices including optical waveguides, integrated optical devices. The use of waveguide optical structures based on Sillenites allows to achieve uniform illumination (normally to the plane of waveguide) in a wide spectral range.
   The relatively large electrooptic and Faraday effect of Sillenite Oxides makes them useful for optical fiber electric/magnetic fields sensors. We are able to deliver undoped BSO and BGO crystals both in small quantity for scientific research and in large quantity for industry purposes. Along with 2x2x2 - 25x25x25 mm3 crystals, we also offer crystal plates with aperture of up to 30x30 mm2 and thickness of 0.5 - 5 mm with ITO (Indium Tin Oxide) coatings on request.
   Strontium-Barium Niobate (SrxBa(1-x)Nb2O6) SBN is an excellent optical and photorefractive material. Nominally pure and doped by Ce, Cr, Co, Fe. SBN crystals of different compositions are used in elecro-optics, acousto-optics, and photorefractive non-linear optics. A new growing technique provides excellent optical quality single crystals, free of growth striations, inclusions and other inhomogeneities, as well as definite cross section and linear dimensions of up to 80mm. SBN crystalline elements meet the requirements for different applications. Based on this unique crystal growing technique, large high quality SBN optical elements and photorefractive cells are available, Fe:LiNbO3 (other dopants are available).
   Iron doped Lithium Niobate crystal (Fe:LiNbO3) is a kind of commonly used photorefractive material with high electro-optical (EO) coefficients, high photorefractive sensitivity and diffraction efficiency. Compared to BaTiO3 series photorefractive crystals, it has some outstanding advantages, such as easy operation and storage, low cost and large size availability, which make it more suitable for volume fabrication and practical devices. Therefore, Fe:LiNbO3 crystal will forecast a wide range of applications. MolTech offers crystals with different Fe doping concentration, dimensions and optical processing requirements.


Bi12SiO20 (BSO)
Bi12GeO20 (BGO)
SBN x=0.60
SBN x=0.75
Crystal Structure cubic, point group: 23 cubic, point group: 23
Trigonal, 3m
Lattice(Cell) Parameters, Å 10.10 10.15
a = 12.46, c = 3.946
a = 12.43024, c = 3.91341
Transmission Range, m 0.4-6 0.4-7
0.35 - 5.5
0.3 5- 6.0
0.35 - 6.0
Refractive Index at 0.63m 2.54 2.55
2.20 (ne), 2.29 (no)
ne = 2.33, no = 2.36 @0.51m
ne = 2.35, no = 2.37 @0.51m
Electro-Optic Coefficient r41, pm/V 5.0 3.5
r22=6.8, r31=10, r33=32
r13=47, r33=235
r13=67, r33=1340
Optical Activity, deg/mm at 500 nm 42 41.5
- deg/mm at 600 nm 25 24
Density, g/cm3 9.15 9.2
Mohs Hardness 5 5
Melting Point, C 890 920
1255 (Tc=1140 )
1500 10C
1500 10C
Dielectric Constant 56 40
85 (e11) 30 (e33)
Dark Resistance, Ohm cm 1014 1014
Absorption coefficient @0.44m - -
Thermal conductivity @25C - -
0.006 W/cm*K
@1370-1470C - - -
0.008 W/cm*K
Thermo-optic coefficient dne/dT - -
Curie temperature - -
Half wave Voltage - -
240 V
48 V

We supply rods or slabs, made from mentonied photorefractive crystals with different cross-sections and dimensions. Different dopants with different concentrations are available for specific customer requirements.

I N Q U I R Y    F O R M :

Quantity of elements:

polished sites:

 a-b b-c a-c
or d  
(if applicated)
For example:
10.0 +/- 0.1
AR-coating or electrodes:
a = mm;
c = mm
b = mm or
dia. = mm;
This field is for additional information such as application,
comments, add. requirements etc.

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